To find the answer, let’s look at the advantages and disadvantages of homeschooling along with some frequently asked questions.
What is homeschooling?
At its most basic level, homeschooling is a straightforward concept: parents take absolute responsibility for their children’s education rather than delegating this responsibility to an institution (usually a public or private school). Parents (90% of whom are mothers) and tutors are the most popular providers of this type of education.
Homeschooling is becoming increasingly common in recent times. In the United States alone, as of 2012, 1.8 million children are homeschooled. By 2018, this number increased to 2.3 million.
Canada, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States are the countries where home schooling is most common. Home schooling is legal in all 50 states in the United States, but each state has its own set of rules that a family must obey. About nine million families are believed to be homeschooling their children at any given moment. While there are single parent families and dual career families that homeschool, the majority of these families have a breadwinner and a stay-at-home parent who does the majority of the teaching.
Homeschooling as a concept has garnered quite a bit of controversy. However, there are several advantages of homeschooling over the normal school system.
Emotional and physical protection
Bullying is also a common occurrence in most public schools. Although not every child is bullied, it does happen to a significant number of them, and the consequences can be devastating. It is not only emotionally harmful, but it also makes it almost impossible for some children to receive a decent education due to the severity of the bullying. Other than that, drugs and gangs can be found in public schools as well. Many of these potentially negative effects are avoided while children are educated at home.
Social pressure, competitiveness, and low self-esteem are some of the other negative factors that homeschooling prevents. Most girls fail to retain a high degree of self-esteem throughout their high school years. Homeschooled girls have high self-esteem that lasts through high school, according to studies. Homeschooled children often avoid the problem of “fitting in”, which affects almost every child in public school.
Increase in productivity
In most public school classes, there is one teacher for every 20 to 30 students. Not only does each child receive very little one-on-one instruction from their teacher in a public school, but they also end up doing a lot of needless busywork. Children in a homeschool environment will sometimes achieve in a few hours what would take an entire day in a public school setting. Since the classroom environment isn’t conducive to having a lot done, students in public schools also have a lot of homework. Homeschooled children seldom have homework since it is done during class time.
According to case studies, homeschooled children are better prepared to cope with problems such as the death of a loved one, disease, or life changes such as relocating. For several reasons, moving to a new city or state with a homeschooled child is much less difficult than moving to a new city or state with a public schooled child. Recent research suggests that getting enough sleep is more important to children’s emotional and physical health – particularly for teenagers. Sometimes a little bit of sleeping in is just what the doctor ordered. Sleeping in the early morning, particularly for kids who aren’t morning people, can be especially beneficial. Owing to bad sleep patterns, some children in public schools go to school tired and return home exhausted.
Even though there are numerous pros to homeschooling, there are also several cons.
Increased stress level
Stress levels have increased. For most of us, life is stressful enough, but homeschooling your children will make it even more so. To begin with, homeschooling necessitates a significant amount of time and effort. Lessons must be prepared and children must be educated on a regular basis. It takes time and can deplete your energy. Homeschooling isn’t as easy as most people believe. It isn’t made up of a few well-behaved children who are good at paying attention and following directions. Many of the same problems that teachers face are faced by parents who homeschool their children. They must also have hands-on learning opportunities and activities for their children. Many people imagine homeschooling to be spent at the kitchen table with textbooks and worksheets. Homeschooling can be mentally and emotionally exhausting.
It can be expensive
Homeschooling isn’t cheap, particularly if your family is used to living on two incomes. Almost all homeschooling families are single-parent households. Homeschooling forces you to live on a single salary. If money is tight, this can be a major sacrifice, but most homeschooling families feel the sacrifice is well worth it in order for their children to benefit from the advantages of homeschooling. The cost of books and materials must also be taken into account. Parents must bear any expenses associated with homeschooling because it is not covered by government money as public schooling is.
No time for anything else
We all adore our children. Why are you thinking about homeschooling your children in the first place? Because you love them, of course. But, let’s face it, being with your children 24 hours a day, seven days a week can be exhausting. If you plan to homeschool your children, be prepared to spend a lot of time with them. If you can’t stand being around your kids for long periods of time, you may want to rethink homeschooling. However, for most parents who want to homeschool their children, the time they spend with them is simply another opportunity to grow closer.
Limited extra-curricular activities
Parents who homeschool their children must plan extracurricular activities. This is an important aspect that many potential homeschoolers are unaware of until they are actually homeschooling their children for the first time and are frustrated by the workload. When children enter their teens and twenties and develop an interest in sports, it becomes much more complicated. Though college athletics are commonly available for younger children, homeschooled teenagers are often faced with a lack of opportunities to participate in team sports. Although some public schools encourage homeschooled students to participate in sports, the majority of them do not.
There will be further scrutiny. Despite the fact that there are more homeschoolers today than ever before, the federal government and mainstream educational associations are constantly scrutinizing, condemning, and putting negative pressure on homeschooling. Many people consider homeschooling to be outside of conventional thinking and what is considered appropriate. Unfortunately, many Americans regard homeschooling as a challenge to traditional educational systems, believing that all children should be taught in public schools. Some opponents can’t stand the idea of ordinary parents teaching their children better than the “highly” educated professionals in the public education system. Many people consider homeschooling to be a fringe institution that exists too far outside of social standards to be deemed appropriate
Are homeschooled children further behind or ahead of their friends in public school?
One of the benefits of homeschooling is that students can advance at their own pace and according to their own temperament. According to a report conducted by the National Home Education Research Institute, homeschoolers scored in the 87th percentile on standardized tests, while children in public schools scored in the 50th percentile. They can, however, be several grades ahead in some subjects while falling behind in others.
What about lack of facilities?
In terms of facilities, a home cannot possibly be as well-equipped as a standard school. It may be difficult to obtain all of the required chemicals, materials, apparatus, and other materials for classes that include experiments, such as physics and chemistry. Swimming pools, running tracks, gyms, and fields will be inaccessible at the house.
Is there any federal funding for homeschooling programs?
Government-funded services differ considerably from state to state, but most homeschooling families pay for their children’s education themselves. Enrollment in a state-based program is optional in certain regions. In any situation, the state pays for specific services in return for the homeschool meeting those program criteria.
Will my child have a lack of motivation with homeschooling?
The issue of motivation is one of the most glaring disadvantages of homeschooling. To succeed in school, some children need to be challenged. They excel in this regard when they are engaged in some form of competition. Since most homeschooled children are raised individually, they will lack this advantage of formal education.
Do homeschooled children get homework? What form do they use to obtain objective grades?
In several ways, homeschooling eliminates the need for conventional homework, which is often mandated by schools, particularly for children in elementary school. Schoolwork may also be done in a shorter time period during the school day when there are less than 20 children in one class, reducing the need for additional work afterward. While grades are not necessarily required in some subjects, many families use graded assessments, some of which are conducted using computer programs. Children will advance at their own speed in a homeschooling environment until they have mastered the required materials.
Will homeschooling stunt my child’s social development?
In contrast to children who attend regular schools, home schooled children do not have as many opportunities to communicate with other children. It is important for a child’s developmental health and social ability growth to form connections and socialize with other children his or her own age. They may be deprived of the opportunity to develop friendships and may suffer socially if they are home schooled. Of course, they can make friends with other homeschooled kids, but it’s a different story when it takes extra time to set up meetings. They might suffer later in life as a result of their lack of socialization.
However, it is important to consider both the advantages and disadvantages in order to make an educated and informed decision. Whether or not homeschooling will ruin your child depends on the steps you take to maximize the advantages and minimize the risks of homeschooling.